Bitternut Hickory

  • Bark

    Bark

  • Flowers

    Flowers

  • Nuts (1)

    Nuts (1)

  • Nuts (2)

    Nuts (2)

  • Leaves

    Leaves

  • Tree

    Tree

    Specifications

    • Also known as: Swamp hickory, bitternut
    • Latin (scientific) name: Carya cordiformis
    • Life expectancy: 200 years
    • Height: 134 feet
    • Circumference: 5-1/2 feet
    • The height and circumference measurements listed here are for the largest-known bitternut hickory in Atlanta. This tree is located at Emory University.

    • Special characteristics:

      This is the smallest but most abundant of the hickory trees. It iss easily distinguished in the winter by its bright-yellow buds.

    • Fun Facts:

      This tree is closely related to the pecan tree, but unlike pecans, its nuts are not edible. Its wood is very hard and durable, good for furniture-making.

    • Photo Credits:

      Tree: T. Davis Sydnor, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
      Bark: Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org
      Leaves: Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org
      Flowers: Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org
      Early Nut: Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org
      Mature Nut: Franklin Bonner, USFS (ret.), Bugwood.org